linux 处理选项

葫芦的运维日志

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2013/10/10 02:17


[root@localhost ~]# cat -n /test51
     1  #!/bin/bash
     2  while [ -n "$1" ]
     3  do
     4  case "$1" in
     5  -a) echo "-a";;
     6  -b) echo "-b";;
     7  *) echo "nothing";;
     8  esac
     9  shift
    10  done
[root@localhost ~]# sh /test51 -a d -b s
-a
nothing
-b
nothing
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
当出现双波折线-- shell就会停止处理选项,并将剩下的参数都当作命令行参数。
[root@localhost ~]# cat /test52
#!/bin/bash
while [ -n "$1" ]
do
case "$1" in
-a) echo "-a";;
-b) echo "-b";;
--) shift
break;;
*)echo "$1 is not an option";;
esac
shift
done
count=1
for param in $@
do
echo "parameter #$count: $param"
count=$[ $count +1 ]
done
[root@localhost ~]# sh /test52 da dfas"d" ss "s" -a df -b --test -- test3 tes
da is not an option
dfasd is not an option
ss is not an option
s is not an option
-a
df is not an option
-b
--test is not an option
parameter #1: test3
parameter #2: tes
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

[root@localhost ~]# cat /1
#!/bin/bash
while [ -n "$1" ]
do
case "$1" in
-a) echo " Found the -a option ";;
-b) param="$2"
echo " Found the -b option,with parameter value $param"
shift;;
-c) echo "Found the -c option ";;
--)shift
break;;
*) echo "$1 is not an option";;
esac
shift
done

count=1
for param in "$@"
do
echo "Parameter #$count: $param"
count=$[ $count + 1 ]
done
[root@localhost ~]# sh /1 -a b a -b test1 -d    dsdfsd  ds -- 32s
Found the -a option
b is not an option
a is not an option
Found the -b option,with parameter value test1
-d is not an option
dsdfsd is not an option
ds is not an option
Parameter #1: 32s

 

葫芦的运维日志

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